Different Elements of Yoga and Energy Centre


yoga Elements

Large number of people looking for 4 elements yoga, 5 elements yoga, or even 8 elements of yoga. In this post, we will discuss about the different elements of Yoga and energy centre. Ordinarily, we understand Yoga in the context of Bhakti Yoga, Gyan Yoga, Kundalini Yoga, Karma Yoga, Hatha Yoga, Mantra Yoga, etc. The tangible and material things keeps the human beings attracted towards themselves. Therefore, to avoid their attractions, all the actions taken by a person to concentrates towards the god, by a willful and positive action, come within the category of Yoga through Chanting the Holy Words (Mantra Yoga) e.g. meditation, Yoga, devotion, recitation, love towards the god, etc.

The body of a man has presence of energy centers. All those actions, by which the Yoga practitioner, by applying mental resistance towards the materialistic attractions, finds himself near to the God, come under the Yoga Through Persistence (Hatha Yoga).

You would have noticed that in pictures, a wheel or circle of light is shown behind the heads of gods, goddesses and great men. This light reflects the power and influence of the gods, the goddesses and the great men. Scientifically, this is known as ‘aura’. What is an aura and how is it formed? According to Yoga texts, as there are nerve cells in the body, there are energy centers (chakras) in side the body. These energy centers connect the physical body with the non-physical body. Non-physical body cannot be felt directly. Aura or sphere of light is related to these very energy centers.

Aura depicted in pictures is usually considered to be an imagination of the artist. Actually, an aura is connected with each person. However, in some persons it is very powerful while in others it is very weak. With the help of Yoga exercises, it can even be seen as rays of light moving in circular motion.

Spinal cord is the base of this aura and this light encircles the entire body of a person. The question arises, what is the use of these energy centers? Those who practice Yoga, use these energy centers to awaken the dormant powers which are situated in each individual. The process through which these powers are activated, known as ‘Awakening the Serpentine Energy Centre’ (Kundalini). Help of breathing exercises (pranayamas) and Yoga postures is availed to awaken these powers because these postures receive powerful energy from the Energy Centre.

The Energy Centres (Chakras)

(Note # : According to Yoga texts, there are 72000 astral tubes (nadis) in human body. The areas in the body, where many of these astral tubes (nadis) come together, are called plexuses or Energy Centres (Chakras). The Energy Centre may be equated with telephone exchange, where many telephone line meet. In acupuncture, they are referred to as meridians. These Energy Centres represent the vibratory levels of astral body, and they become more subtle as they ascend. A person acquires different traits depending upon which of the seven Energy Centres is active in his or her body, and to what extent.) These seven Energy Centre and their affect on human beings, are described below:

Root Energy Centre (Mooladhar Chakra)

In the seven energy centers described in Yoga, the ‘Root Energy Centre’ is situated lower-most in the body i.e. in the base of the spine. The persons in whom this energy center is very active, are materialistic by nature. Wealth and material things have natural attraction for these persons. They are, in a way, ruthless by nature. Those persons, in whom this energy center is less active, they are quiet by nature and weak by physique. For persons who have healthy and balanced Base Energy Center, have wisdom and, in a way, feelings of security.

To keep the base energy center healthy, one should try to conquer one’s fears and maintain a balance between the materialistic and the spiritualistic aspects of life. By awakening this energy center by yogic actions, a person acquire additional physical power and capability.

The Prostratic Energy Centre (Swastisthana Chakra)

This energy center concerns with sex and pleasure in human beings. When this energy center is over-active, a person becomes excessively obsessed with sex and pleasure. Such a person spends his entire life seeking excitement. Those persons, in whom this energy center is less active, are not so much obsessed with sex.

The Navel Energy Centre (Manipoorak Chakra) which is also known as The Great Junction of Nerves

This energy center concerns with heat, energy and power. This energy center is situated near the navel (or ‘belly button’). Those, in whom this energy center is active, are ever in search of power and invention. Such persons feel satisfaction by keeping others in their power and supremacy. Those in whom this energy centre is weak, show exactly opposite signs.

The Cardiac Energy Centre (Anahata Chakra)

This energy centre is situated near the heart. Those in whom this energy centre is very active, are very emotional, rather out of reign, so long as the emotions are concerned. Such persons are very logical and act only after giving due thought to everything. When this energy centre is balanced, then the person has fellow-feelings and such persons devote to social service or take up professions like nurses etc. Awakening of this energy centre gives rise to qualities of spiritualism and telepathy in a person.

The Laryngeal Energy Centre (Vishudhi Chakra)

This fifth energy centre concerns with mind. Persons having this energy centre as active one, view everything and every incident analytically and critically. They are ever-ready to enter into an argument and are enjoy belittling, insulting or making fun of others.

The Covernous Energy Centre (Agya Chakra)

This energy centre is also referred to as the ‘third eye’. This is situated in the forehead, between the two eyes. This energy centre concerns with control. According to Hindu mythology, the logic behind applying a bindi or tilak (a dot of vermilion or other brilliant pigment) on the forehead, is to make this energy centre strong and powerful.

The Supreme Energy Centre (Sahtara Chakra)

This is the seventh energy center. A person who is able to discover this energy centre, is able to control even death.

In most of the people, the last two energy centres always remain dormant. However, many Yoga specialists do not consider that activating these energy centers is useful for a common man. According to them, due to ordinary efforts of human beings to live a happy life, these energy centres automatically become active. Therefore, it is advisable for every ordinary being to direct his efforts to live a happy life, rather than forcing these powers to awaken.

The act of awakening the Energy Centres by conscious yogic methods, and thereby connecting oneself with the god, is known as Rhythmetic Yoga. Accordingly, this is also an extreme situation of Yoga Through Persistence (Hatha Yoga).

Control of the mental activities by yogic exercises is known as Scientific Yoga. According to Sakhya Darshan (a Hindu text), the nature consists of three powers :

  1. The Noble (Satva)
  2. The Kingly (Rajasa)
  3. The Cruel {Tamasa)

Expression of these powers can be said to be action and inaction. Rajasa signifies action and Tamasa signifies inaction. Satva signifies the power which balances the action and inaction to reach the state of equilibrium. Satva, Rajasa and Tamasa powers are concerned with Yoga Through Persistence, Yoga Through Science and Yoga Through Action [Hatha Yoga, Raja Yoga and Karma Yoga respectively). Yoga Through Persistence concerns with body, Yoga Through Science (Raja Yoga) concerns with the mind and the third i.e. Yoga Through Action (Karma Yoga) concerns with both body and the mind. In addition to this, there is fourth i.e. Yoga Through Philosophy (Gyana Yoga) which is a method of attaching knowledge of reality. Yoga knowledge can be derived from these four powers.

The ultimate aim of all human life is to find true happiness, peace and enjoyment after getting rid of all types of sorrows, state of insatiation and temptation. To fulfill this aim, every prudent man takes help from various resources in accordance with his actions, interests and wisdom. To achieve this situation, Patanjali, the great sage, has preached eight parts of Yoga (Ashtanga Yoga) as follows :-

By practicing eight parts of Yoga
when all the sorrow and impurities die,
there is light of knowledge
and eternal happiness is achieved.

He has described the eight parts of Yoga as follows :-

  • Proper Conduct (Yama)
  • Regulated Life (Niyama)
  • Systematic Breathing (Prayanama)
  • Diet (Pratyahar)
  • Meditation (Dhyana)
  • Meditative Esctasy (Samadhi)

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